Dalmatia

Following the protection of the wolf in 1995 and the start of planned compensation payments for damages caused to livestock by wolves, the largest number of claims originated from the Dalmatinska Zagora region. At that time, it was most important to determine why the largest number of wolf attacks on livestock occurred here, and which circumstances were favourable for these attacks. From 1998 to 2000, the staff of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine telemetrically monitored three wolves, females Pepa and Anja and a young male Berni, from two neighbouring packs in the area inland of Kaštela.
After three years of research, substantially more was known about the wolves in Dalmatinska Zagora then on wolves in other parts of Croatia. The basic findings about the Dalmatian wolves are summarised below:

• the average territory size (150.5 km²) of the two monitored packs in Dalmatia is similar to the known territory size for establishing wolf populations and for populations in which the main prey is deer.
• Human activity (hunting and livestock grazing) influenced the selection of areas used by the telemetrically monitored wolves in different seasons.
• the average daily movements of the telemetrically monitored wolves was 2.5 km per day.
• The monitored wolves most often remained on the northern slopes of hills or in valleys.
• The monitored wolves spent the majority of the time (82.9% of recorded positions) in degraded, dense stands of white hornbeam or stands of pubescent oak and white hornbeam, where the average forest density (obstruction of view) was 97.2%.
• The average distance of monitored wolves to the nearest house (683 m) was significantly higher (p=0.031) than the distance (563 m) of random positions.
• The average distance of monitored wolves to the nearest water source (921.m) was significantly lower (p=0.024) than the distance (1074 m) of random positions.

All locations of monitored wolves in the Dalmatinska Zagora region were recorded from 1998 to 2000. The Opor pack used an area of 160 km², while the Vučevica pack used an area of 141 km².

Though the VEF telemetric monitoring of wolves was moved to the areas of Gorski Kotar and Lika as of 2002, in February 2005 a female wolf named Eva was found trapped in a wild boar trap in the Imotski area of Dalmatia, and following surgical treatment, she was fitted with a GPS collar.

2009

After almost a decade, new telemetric monitoring commenced again in the Kozjak Mountain area above the City of Split by the staff of the OIKON Institute for Applied Ecology in summer 2009. At the end of April, a male was captured and collared in that area, and was the first to be monitored using GPS technology. Considering the construction of the motorway in the direct proximity, the data obtained on the movements of this wolf concerning crossing the motorway can be compared with data on wolf movements collected prior to the construction of the motorway. New findings will also be obtained and will be linked to locations of livestock damages, and should aid farmers in protecting their livestock.
By the end of 2009, a total of five wolves were collared and monitored in the Dalmatia region (Pepa, Anja, Breni, Eva and Oikon's wolf Manda).

2010

Though there was no organised monitoring of wolves by the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Zagreb in the Dalmatia region during 2010, on 31 October 2010, a young male named W27-Šaki, 8 months old and weighing 26 kg was collared. Šaki had fallen into a 4-metre deep well near the village Pađene from which he was rescued. He received intravenous fluids for dehydration and antibiotics, and was fitted with a GPS-GSM collar. Unfortunately, 10 days later, the same wolf was killed by a car on a local road.
 

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