Causes of anthropogenic mortality

Road kills – the largest number of wolves (28 individuals, 52%) confirmed to be killed in the four year period from 2005–2008 were killed on roads. Wolves primary perish on local roads, mostly in Dalmatia (65% of total mortality from roads in 2005–2008). In addition to animal deaths on roads, there is also a great risk to people in such accidents with large animals.
Legal interventions in the wolf population – one of the activities listed in the Wolf Management Plan in Croatia from 2005, and which should be carried out to ensure long-term conservation of wolf population in cohabitation with humans, and all interventions in the wolf population are strictly controlled. This protection regime began in 2005 and has been implemented for the past four years. The total number of permitted culling in the wolf population for the period 2005 to 2008 was 28 individuals. Only 15 individuals, or half the permitted number, were actually culled in that period.
Illegal hunting (poaching) – though interventions in the wolf population have been strictly controlled since 2005, poaching continues to be present, and the actual number of wolves killed remains unknown. Over the four year period 2005–2008, 11 individuals were recorded killed from illegal hunting, though only 7 carcases were located. There have also been numerous telephone reports and testimonies, though without material evidence.
Wolf poisoning – sporadic cases of poisoning still exist, and there are most often in the form of “edible” bait, which also result in the deaths of other wild and domestic animals. In the Dalmatia region, poisoned bait and wolf traps are still allegedly used in animal migration areas. There have also been several known cases of dog poisonings. As such, the wolf is not the only animal to suffer from such irresponsible human activity.
Taking of wolves from nature for their keeping in captivity – in recent years, animal 'lovers' and uneducated individuals inclined to taking young and abandoned (weak, sick or injured) animals with the intention of helping them are causing significant problems, not sensing that such actions do not aid in their salvation but instead cause new problems. Causes of taking wolf pups from nature for their keeping in captivity conditions in the home have been recorded. In addition to this being an illegal act, these individuals are also forever lost to nature.
Crossings of wolves and dogs – for the purpose of breeding combat dogs and fiercer guard dogs, there have also been indications that wolves have been crossed with dogs.