W11-Eva

23. February 2005. Adam Baković from the Sebišine hamlet not far from the Runović village in Imotski found a she-wolf entangled in a trap set for wild boars, although strictly forbidden by the law. A steel noose was tightened around her waist and while the animal was trying to free itself, the steel rope kept cutting deeper and deeper into its body causing severe injuries. With the help of several neighbours Adam Baković managed to free the she-wolf from the rope and carried her to his home, where he placed her into the stable.

Two days later, on 25 February 2005, he informed Prof. Dr. Josip Kusak from the School of Veterinary Medicine of the case, who immediately left for Sebišine. After he had anaesthetized her with a narcotic he found that the injury caused to her body was pretty large and infected - it was a deep cut in the skin and muscles spreading round the entire waist. The she-wolf was therefore brought to the Veterinary Station of Imotski, where the wound was surgically treated and sawn with the assistance of other veterinarians - Luka Majić, Ivan Gudelj Ivanica, Perica Tucak and Mario Maršić. The she-wolf was then given all necessary medicines and a GPS-VHF satellite collar. On the same evening the she was set free in the wild.

Taking into consideration the name of the finder, the local radio-station listeners voted for the name of Eva. In view of the severity of injuries she was not given much chance. Surprisingly, she, however, managed to survive and joined the pack roaming that area, which was documented by intensive telemetric monitoring over the following weeks and months.
During 157 days of monitoring Eva (W11) was located 541 times in total, of which 255 times (47.1 per cent) in Croatia and 286 times (52.9 per cent) in Bosnia and Herzegovina, whereby in Croatia she stayed in a smaller area round Runovići and Imotski and in Bosnia and Herzegovina she travelled as far as 80 km in the inland, up to Tomislavgrad, and then returned again to the border area where she spent most of the time. Thus Eva covered an area of 640 sq km, which is three times the area covered by an average wolf pack in Croatia, including Dalmatia too. Some of the time Eva presumably roamed alone, preparing to leave the pack.


On 3 August 2005, at 3.30 in the morning, she was shot near Vinjan in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Croatia shares with Bosnia and Herzegovina both a very long border and the wolf population, which is legally protected on one side of the border and exposed to danger on the other, because wolves may freely be killed there. This certainly has a highly negative impact on the efficiency of wolf conservation in Croatia. It is therefore to be wished that the status of wolves in the neighbouring Bosnia and Herzegovina will change in terms of legal protection.

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