Other national regulations

In addition to the Nature Protection Act, there are a series of regulations that directly or indirectly affect the issue of protection of the wolf in Croatia. These are:

• Hunting Act (OG 140/05)
• Animal Protection Act (OG 135/06)
• Veterinary Act (OG 41/07)
• Animal Husbandry Act (OG 70/97, 36/98, 151/03 and 132/06),
• Act on State Subsidies in Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry (OG 87/02, 117/03, 82/04, 12/05 – corrigendum and 85/06, 141/06, 134/07 and 85/08).

The Hunting Act governs the breeding, protection, hunting and use of wild game and its parts.
Hunting Management Plans are planning documents that regulate in detail the management of certain game animals and hunting grounds for certain periods, in line with the capacities of the habitat, the abundance and status of the game population under breeding, and the presence of protected taxa. The hunting management plan is based on the numerical state of all game species that permanently or seasonally inhabit the hunting ground, and the number of game that can be bred in the hunting ground, taking account of the presence of protected fauna, and not eroding the natural balance among species.

The Ordinance on periods when hunting is prohibited (OG 155/05 and 82/06) stipulates the periods in which hunting is prohibited (closed season), by game species, depending on its biological properties and ecological conditions in the area it inhabits.

The Ordinance on the content and manner of keeping the central hunting records (OG 67/06) lays down the content, form and manner of keeping the central hunting records, manner of collection, systematisation and keeping of data, access to information and data processing. The central hunting records consist of a database, kept at the Ministry of Regional Development, Forestry and Water Management, with archive, historical and current data, program equipment, computer and communications devices, user applications, accompanying documentation, prescribed procedures and procedures for its continued and proper functioning.

The Animal Protection Act regulates the responsibilities, obligations and duties of natural and legal persons in the protection of animals, including the protection of wild animals in nature. With the provisions of Article 64 of the Act, all activities are prohibited that would subject wild animals in nature to torture or permanently disable their physiological functioning by disabling access to water and other parts of habitats essential for the survival of the species by fencing, pollution, chasing, destruction of habitats, introduction of alien animal species into the habitat, the capture of live animals or killing of animals in a manner that causes lasting suffering, unless this is an exceptionally warranted scientific investigation or for the purpose of aiding a specific population.

A monetary fine from HRK 30,000 to 50,000 will be charged for misdemeanours of legal persons, the responsible person in the legal person will be fined from HRK 5,000 to 10,000, and natural persons will be fined from HRK 5,000 to 15,000 for actions against wild animals contrary to the provisions of Article 64 of the Animal Protection Act.

The Veterinary Act governs the protection of animal health. Cattle, sheep, goats, pigs and equines are subjected to compulsory identification marking. The animal owner is responsible to ensure that the animals are marked in the stipulated manner and register, and for bearing the costs of the identification markings. All dogs must be identified in the stipulated manner and must be entered into the dog register, and the owner must possess the stipulated documents on registration and the vaccination of dogs against rabies. The Ministry responsible for veterinary affairs adopted the Ordinance on the marking of dogs (OG 162/03, 114/04 and 26/05) which stipulates the manner of marking dogs, the form of the compulsory tags and the content and form of the dog register. It has been prescribed that dogs may be marked in one of two ways: by microchip (all dogs born after 1 October 2004) and tags (dogs born before 1 October 2004). Owners so wishing may have dogs subjected to the compulsory marking with tags marked by a microchip, and in that case, marking with tags is not necessary. All marked dogs must be entered into the dog register.

The Livestock Act regulates a series of issues relating to the breeding of domesticated animals, including breeding and production of breed-worthy animals. The creation of breed-worthy (purebred) animals is conducted in line with the breeding programmes. These animals must be permanently marked and entered into the central register. The register of breeders of purebred animals is kept by the competent institution or the central breeders’ association.

The Act on State Subsidies in Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry regulates the type and level of monetary subsidies and compensations, establishes the areas in which individual subsidies are achieved in increase amounts (strategic areas), determines the right users and manner of ensuring their use. Funds for monetary subsidies and compensation are secured from the state budget. Legal and natural persons have the right to monetary subsidies and supports if they perform activities in agriculture and fisheries and conducted breeding selecting measures in animal husbandry and the health protection of milk, and if they have permanent residence or are seated in the republic of Croatia, i.e. the produce for the market or provide services on the market of the Republic of Croatia. 
 

 

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