Bern Convention

The Convention on the Protection of European Wild Taxa and Natural Habitats (Bern Convention) lays down all the measures that European countries must take to protect the wild taxa listed in the Appendices, and to protect their habitats. The wolf (Canis lupus) is listed in Appendix II of the Bern Convention, i.e. on the list of strictly protected species, for which exploitation, disturbance and threats to their habitat are prohibited. Derogations from these provisions are permitted only exceptionally where there is no other satisfactory solution, and if such derogations will not be fatal to the survival of the population. In order to ensure protection of the wolf habitat, the parties to the Convention are obliged to include area of wolf distribution into the ecological network entitled Areas of Special Conservation Interest (ASCI), or the Emerald Network.

The Bern Convention accepts the Action Plan for the protection of wolf (Canis lupus) in Europe, prepared by Large Carnivore Initiative of Europe (LCIE), which also lists recommendations for the action plan to protect the wolf in Croatia.

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