Social structure

In order to be able to carry out all of these activities successfully, the pack has a relatively complex social structure. The wolf pack is arranged in a hierarchical manner, with the pair of parents keeping the dominant position and other members of the pack building among themselves a relationship of superiority and subordination.The dominant wolf or she-wolf decides when the pack is going to hunt and where the lair will be situated, and the hierarchical structure is best seen when feeding on a prey: the subordinates eating after the superiors.

Besides, a strong domination primarily in the female line makes the mating of subordinate members with each other or with one of the dominant wolves impossible. So only one she-wolf in a pack can have the young, which is one of the mechanisms to regulate the population size of this top predator. At the same time this prevents mating with kinship. The inability of mating and the lack of food force the subordinate wolves to leave the parent\'s pack and its territory. This happens mostly with young wolves at the age of two and three.